Baker Kato Lubwama, 26, a taxi driver from Kajjansi, was shot in the head on November 18th, 2020 by a Special Force Command (SFC) soldier attached to the elite SFC Presidential guard in Namulanda, Uganda. He died on November 20th, 2020 at Kisubi Hospital. Eyewitness says SFC was spotted for wear a t-shirt with written words “Free Bobi ” demanding for the release of the National Unity Platform (NUP) President, Honorable Robert Kyagulanyi aka Bobi Wine.
Date of death: November 18th, 2020
He was a 25 year old boda boda driver in Namugongo. He was shot dead by a gun man out of uniform. He was running one last errand for a client and got shot. He had plans to sell his motorcycle and start a business for his wife but all his dreams were cut short. He leaves behind a wife and child.
He was a former lecturer and accountant from 1999 to retirement for Uganda Management Institute (UMI). He was walking from Mabirizi city complex, he had come to see his wife Loyce and children. He was shot by Ugandan police and died instantly.
He was an intern mechanic from Kyambogo University working at a garage in Kosovo, Lungujja. Three security operatives raided the garage and claimed that it was the one supplying the rioters with tires. According to eyewitnesses, the deceased fell to his knees and pleaded that the garage had nothing to do with riots. One of the officers ordered him to go to the road and remove the burning tires to prove that he had nothing to do with it. The deceased pleaded that he could not go there because it was so dangerous and the officer shot him dead. The co-worker of the deceased demanded to know the reason why his friend had been killed and he was killed on the spot. Kampala Metropolitan Police, Lucas Owesigire confirmed the two deaths as reported by New Vision newspaper “I confirm the death of the two people but investigations are ongoing to ascertain the circumstances that followed leading to their deaths,both bodies were conveyed to city mortuary Mulago for postmortem.”
She was a bar owner in Kumasitowa, Nansana (Kampala outskirts). She had a doctor’s appointment for her leg complication in Kiruddu hospital. She left the hospital and was heading back home and around Mini Price, she was hit by a Museveni supporter that purposely drove his vehicle into the crowd with the intent to kill or cause injury to innocent Ugandans. The number plate of the vehicle displayed ‘Pakalast’ which is a slogan the NRM Regime uses to say ‘we will rule you to the very end’. His car was branded with NRM campaign posters. She died on that same day in Mulago Hospital.
He was a motorcycle mechanic and a resident of Nabaziza, Kyengera (Kampala outskirts). He was shot and killed by security operatives on November 18th, 2020. The father of the deceased, Charles Balikoowa said the son was not part of the protesters and was killed for nothing. A witness, Vincent Ssebunya indicated that the security officer who killed him, first chased him until he reached and shot him in the ribs. He died instantly.
He was a boda boda driver and a resident of Nyanama (Kampala outskirts). He was shot in the neck and died instantly by security operatives on November 18th, 2020. He worked at the Kasiwukira stage in Kizito Zone Najjanankumbi along Entebbe Road. He was among those that saw non uniformed security operatives vigorously walking towards them and fled. The operatives ordered him to stop and he didn’t, and randomly opened fire killing him.
He was a resident of Kassasa village, Kakuto road, Masaka. He was in town moving with friends when the protests started. After seeing many security operatives heading in his direction, he took refuge in a nearby hair salon. The security operatives forcefully dragged him out of the saloon and shot him and left. He was buried in Masaka.
Date of death: November 18th, 2020.
He was a resident of Kabowa (Kampala outskirts), he operated a spare part shop. The deceased, Mr. Baguma, went about his business as a normal routine going to his shop to work and was in no way involved in the events of the protests. However; Mr. Baguma got caught in the reckless action of the Uganda law enforcement officers. According to an undisclosed witness, the deceased locked up his shop and joined neighbors on the road to watch. Shortly after, plain security operatives came chasing protestors while shooting at them with live bullets. One of the bullets hit Mr. Baguma in the head and splashed out his brain and he immediately fell to the ground as reported by an undisclosed eyewitness. He was shot dead in Ndeeba, rushed by friends and onlookers to Rubaga hospital where he was pronounced dead on arrival. He was buried in Kyekatebe, a village in Mityana, Uganda.
- The law enforcement officers identified as security operatives were in plain uniform identifiable by the guns they carried. This is a disguise of their identity and for the public not to readily identify the officer(s) in charge of the crimes.
- Extreme force was used by law enforcement that resulted in the death of 50 innocent Ugandans including Mr. Baguma.
The right to political participation under international law, is deemed to be the basis for the realization and protection of other human rights. It gives citizens of a given society whether primitive or civilized to have the authority and power to define the destiny and management of the affairs of the society. The international legal framework under the core-human rights treaties and in particular Article 25 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights defines State obligations to ensure genuine enjoyment of the right without any discrimination.
In Africa, the African Union has been clear since its establishment on the right of political participation understanding well that it is vital for each countries’ independence and economic sustainability. As such, the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Good governance of 2007 declared affirmatively under Article 2 that the principles of democracy, human rights and rule of law are fundamental principles of sustainable peace in the region and member states should adhere to ensure and promote free and fair political processes including the independence of the judiciary.
However, despite the existing legal framework including the national constitutions of many of the African countries, women have not yet fully given the opportunity to participate in the decisions that affect their day to day lives. Countries like Uganda for example, despite the available data that the NRM government has increased the direct participation of women in the parliament and cabinet, there is less evidence that such numbers have influenced change and purely represented the ideas of women in their constituencies. There are questions related to whether such women representatives have the power to express their views and take decisions in their capacity without being coerced. Further, despite the national and international efforts for development, women in Uganda and especially those in rural areas are still prone to extreme poverty and violence which is a clear sign of a gender that is still denied the right to define their existence in society.
Should economic empowerment be considered vital if we want to have effective political participation of women?